- What is a contusion? A contusion, also known as a bruise, is an injury to the soft tissue that results in bleeding under the skin, usually caused by a blunt force impact.
- What are the common causes of contusions? Contusions can occur from a variety of causes such as falls, car accidents, sports injuries, and physical altercations.
- What are the symptoms of a contusion? The symptoms of a contusion include pain, swelling, discoloration, and tenderness in the affected area.
- How long does it take for a contusion to heal? The healing time for a contusion varies depending on the severity of the injury, but generally, it takes 1-2 weeks for a mild contusion to heal and 4-6 weeks for a severe one.
- Should I see a doctor if I have a contusion? You should see a doctor if you have a severe contusion that is causing significant pain or swelling, or if you have other symptoms such as dizziness or loss of consciousness.
- How is a contusion diagnosed? A doctor can diagnose a contusion by examining the affected area and taking a medical history of the injury. In some cases, imaging tests such as X-rays or MRI may be required.
- How is a contusion treated? Treatment for a contusion typically involves rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE). Pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medications may also be recommended.
- Can a contusion cause complications? In rare cases, a contusion can cause complications such as compartment syndrome or myositis ossificans. These complications require immediate medical attention.
- How can I prevent contusions? You can prevent contusions by wearing protective gear during physical activities, practicing safe driving habits, and avoiding physical altercations.
- When can I resume physical activity after a contusion? You should wait until your contusion has completely healed and you no longer experience pain or swelling before resuming physical activity. Your doctor can advise you on the appropriate time frame for your specific injury.
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A bruise, also known as a contusion, is a type of hematoma of tissue, the most common cause being capillaries damaged by trauma, causing localized bleeding that extravasates into the surrounding interstitial tissues. Most bruises occur close enough to the epidermis such that the bleeding causes a visible discoloration. The bruise then remains visible until the blood is either absorbed by tissues or cleared by immune system action. Bruises which do not blanch under pressure can involve capillaries at the level of skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscle, or bone. Wikipedia